Science is a statutory subject in the National Curriculum for Wales for Key Stages 2 and 3 and part of the Foundation Phase area of learning 'Knowledge and Understanding of the World' (KUW).
Global learning through science is an opportunity to awaken pupils’ curiosity and creativity in contexts in their own country and the wider world which are relevant to their lives and futures. It enables them to engage with challenging issues and to investigate how science can contribute to improving people’s lives.
Science provides opportunities for pupils to explore and better understand global issues and apply their knowledge and understanding to applications of science in everyday life. Having a global perspective helps pupils understand that science is a global activity, and that scientific ideas may help address many of the challenges the world faces, and so improve the quality of people’s lives. It also helps them begin to understand that some big global questions are uncertain.
Through science, pupils develop their knowledge of fundamental scientific concepts needed to understand the world’s systems and processes, for example the interdependence of eco-systems. Scientific knowledge helps make sense of important global issues such as health and well-being, the sustainability of materials and energy and the impact of humans on the Earth. It also enables pupils to know about the contribution scientists from around the world can make to development and human progress.
Having a global perspective helps pupils understand that scientific language, methods of enquiry and research are shared globally, the result of work by scientists across the world. By investigating scientific issues, they learn that science can raise complex questions about how it may be applied.
Through enquiry, the science curriculum helps pupils to develop the skills and capabilities to develop, present and evaluate knowledge and to think critically.
Having a global perspective helps pupils understand that how science is conducted and applied has moral and ethical dimensions, so developing their ability to consider their own values and those of others. Science contributes to pupils’ personal and social education by helping them to make sense of issues within their lives and others’ lives; it supports global learning by developing the capacity to think in terms of possible local and global futures, and encourages learning from others.