World Food Day 2017
World Food Day is promoted annually by the UN to raise awareness of food and food security, and for people across the world to take action against hunger. Food security – the availability and accessibility of food – is an issue that affects everyone: World Food Day is part of the campaign for the world to reach Global Goal (SDG) 2, Zero Hunger.
World Food Day 2017 is on 16th October, and this year its theme is climate change, aiming to explore its impact on farming and our ability to feed the world.
Did you know?
- The world’s population is likely to rise to 9.6 billion in 2050. Food production must rise 60% by 2050 to meet this demand.
- Over one third of food produced worldwide is lost or wasted.
- Just under 800 million people worldwide were undernourished in 2015, down 17% over ten years.
- Food production contributes significantly to climate change, for example from deforestation and emissions from livestock farming. But climate change also increasingly threatens farming and food security in many regions, especially through changes in weather patterns.
The Global Learning Programme in Wales (GLP-W) has produced this resource to support teachers wishing to develop their pupils’ knowledge of food. It develops enquiry and critical thinking skills, and understanding of the GLP themes of interdependence, globalisation and sustainability. It includes:
- Activity guide: links to a wide range of food resources promoting global learning for all key stages, focused on:
- Three ready to teach activities:
Resources focused on food and food security
About World Food Day from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation:
Food a fact of life
- Food and farming (Foundation to KS4): contains a wide range of resources and interactive activities on food and farming, for example UK and world labels for FoundationPhase. http://www.foodafactoflife.org.uk/index.aspx Welsh language resources include:
A child’s blog about school dinners which grew into a campaign and included children writing from all over the world. http://neverseconds.blogspot.co.uk/
The Oxfam website has many resources focused on understanding food and food security. More recent ones include:
Available in Welsh: http://www.oxfam.org.uk/cy-GB/education/resources/food-for-thought
Available in Welsh: http://www.oxfam.org.uk/cy-GB/education/resources/explore-the-food-system
Available in Welsh: http://practicalaction.org/floatinggardenwelsh
Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers (RGS/IBG):
The Think Global website has numerous resources focused on food and farming (login required). They include:
Send a Cow
WE: PSE resources focused on local/global issues, linked to taking action and fund-raising.
- Oliver’s Fruit Salad by Alison Bartlett and Vivian French, Hodder; Oliver finds out about food grown on his grandma’s allotment, in the UK and from overseas.
Resources focused on food and climate change
Action Aid resources include (login required):
- Case studies from India and Bangladesh
- Climate change adaptation stories from around the world (PowerPoint™)
- Climate change toolkits for primary and secondary schools.
Centre for Alternative Technology
GLP-W Climate Change Conference pack contains comprehensive links to climate change resources, including the following activities focused on climate change and food production.
Resources focused on fair trade
GLP-W Fair Trade pack: contains a progression grid linked to activities and a comprehensive list of Fair Trade resources. It includes these resources focused on food:
- The Chocolate Trade Game (KS2−KS3) helps pupils trace the journey of the cocoa bean from tree to chocolate bar, and discover the difficulties workers in the chocolate trade face. This game also highlights the positive part that trade can play in communities that are developing their economies. http://learn.christianaid.org.uk/YouthLeaderResources/choc_trade.aspx
- The Pa pa paa website provides free resources to teach about Fairtrade and chocolate, a film and photo sequence explaining the cocoa journey from bean to bar, and webcasts made by the children of cocoa farmers. http://www.papapaa.org
- The Tea production in Kenya resource is a PowerPoint photo sequence looking at the different stages of tea production and is designed as an introduction for understanding who gets what when you buy a packet of tea. http://www.decsy.org.uk/projects/27
Fairtrade Wales http://fairtradewales.com/resources/teaching-learning
Foundation Phase to Key Stage 2 resources
- Fair Trade and Chocolate: PowerPoint with notes for a lesson and some ideas for activities focused on where chocolate comes from, with a short summary of Fair Trade
- Charlie and Lola Journey of Chocolate: PowerPoint of the story of Charlie and Lola, and what they find out about chocolate
- Pablo Story Cards, telling the story of Pablo the Columbian banana and how he campaigned for Fair Trade!
Key Stage 3 resources
- Banana Split: role-play game focused on the banana chain of production, and who gets what out of it.
- Unpacking the supermarket bag, Making a Meal of It (Foundation to KS2) These activities help pupils to understand the importance of food in our lives, and to answer questions such as ‘Where does our food come from?’; ‘Why are people hungry?’; ‘What can we do to help?’. The resource includes a photo gallery, activities on fair trade, explanations of terms such as hunger and starvation, and supporting materials for teachers. http://www.oxfam.org.uk/education/resources/making-a-meal-of-it
- Find Your Way Through Trade (KS2) This set of resources aims to help your class to understand the basic principles of global trade. Starting with everyday items – things from the supermarket – the lessons explore where items actually come from and how they reach us. Drawing out links between raw materials and finished items, and helping learners to understand the supply chain, this resource also gets learners thinking about global trade rules and who benefits from them. http://www.oxfam.org.uk/education/resources/find-your-way-through-trade
- Go Bananas (KS2) Help your pupils to understand the origins – and impacts – of the food they eat. The resource includes a photo gallery and captions that follow the journey of a banana from the Caribbean to the UK. It gives a detailed example of how food grown overseas passes through many hands, stages and processes from planting to eating, and also highlights who makes money from the process. This includes ideas for lessons in geography, art, music, English, science and literacy. http://www.oxfam.org.uk/education/resources/explore-fairtrade?cid=rdt_ed_resources_go-bananas
Support from the GLP-W
Appendix 1: Foods from around the world: two history activities
Activity 1; Foods from the Romans and Mayans
The Mayan people came from Central America. When Europeans reached America in the 15th Century they called it the New World. The Maya gave us these foods:
- Maize (sweet corn)
- Sweet potato
- Squash (or pumpkin)
- Black beans.
Food from the New World was brought back to Europe in Tudor and Stuart times – for example potatoes came to Europe from South America in the late 15th Century or early 16th Century.
- Write a food diary for the week before World Food Day. Decide which foods you would have not been able to eat without those from the New World. (How similar, and how different would your diet be?
The Romans brought us lots of new vegetables too:
- Repeat the activity above for writing a food diary, using the list of foods introduced by the Romans.
- Try to write a menu for the week without using foods from either the Romans or from the New World.
Activity 2; History Cookbook
Use the 'History Cookbook' website from E2BN to explore food from the history topic you are studying: http://cookit.e2bn.org/historycookbook/index.php
- How similar, and how different are these recipes?
- Try to cook one or more of the suggested dishes for your period. How easy are they to make? What do they taste like? Hold a tasting event using food from the past. Are they as good as food today? If each year group cooks one or two dishes from 'their' history period you can have a 'Food Through the Ages' experience for the whole school - an excellent way to explore change over time!
- Vote to decide which is the most popular dish, and ask the school cooks to put it on the menu one day so the whole school can try it.
More research: World Food Day in the past
Even in Roman times, not everything people ate came from Italy. Use the History Cookbook website to find out what World Food Day would have looked like in the past. You will need an atlas and a blank world map.
- Start with the Romans. Investigate some Roman recipes and make a list of the ingredients. Then use the History Cookbook site to find out where ingredients come from, or use an encyclopaedia or search the internet. This may be called the food’s country of origin or where they are native.
- Finally make a Roman Food Map by marking on a world map all the ingredients and where they come from.
- Choose one or more periods other in history from the History Cookbook, or share different periods round your group. For each one, use your atlas to mark the ingredients and where they are from on a world map. Then compare the maps for different periods – what patterns and differences do you notice?
Appendix 2: Should we buy green beans from Kenya?
An activity plan for KS2/3 geography, numeracy and literacy, investigating
- why green beans are grown in Kenya for sale in Europe
- whether this benefits people in Kenya
- the food miles and CO2 this generates, and how sustainable this is
- critical thinking about the pros and cons for people and the environment.
World Food Day resource created by the Geographical Association and Historical Association for the Global Learning Programme Wales
 Source: FAO http://www.fao.org/hunger/key-messages/en/ and http://www.fao.org/world-food-day/2016/theme/en/ - this source also includes detailed case studies which may be suitable for older pupils.