History is a statutory subject in the National Curriculum for Wales for Key Stages 2 and 3 and part of the Foundation Phase area of learning 'Knowledge and Understanding of the World' (KUW).
History plays an important part in developing pupils’ understanding of the globally-interdependent world into which they are growing up, and of their own place in it. The global dimension in history is an opportunity to develop pupils’ curiosity about the wider world, and investigate how history is relevant to understanding the local and global present. By learning about key aspects of world history, pupils explore the connections between events and themes in different times, societies and cultures, so helping to understand their own time and place, and develop their own identities.
History gives pupils an historical context in which to set their lives, and opportunities to ask and answer questions about the present by engaging with the past. It helps them to understand the factors that have shaped the local area, Wales and other countries today.
At Key Stage 2 there are opportunities to include examples from other countries and to place studies in their wider European or global contexts, for example the Celts, Romans and Tudors.
At Key Stage 3, pupils place studies in context by enquiring into the history of their own locality, the countries that make up the British Isles, and aspects of European and world history, and learn about the diversity of people’s experience in each selected period.
Historydevelops pupils’ skills of enquiry and critical thinking. It helps them use and evaluate a range of sources, representations and interpretations of the past, organise and communicate ideas and arguments and reach reasoned conclusions. History helps prepare young people for global citizenship by developing skills of:
Pupils study aspects of the past and the differing spiritual and moral values of the periods studied, including different views and interpretations of people and events; and of the way in which people have affected their environment in the past.
History makes a significant contribution to the aims of the Global Learning Programme Wales, particularly knowledge of developing countries, their economies, histories and human geography, globalisation and interdependence, and enquiry and critical thinking. For example:
History can make useful connections with other subjects, for example helping to build up the framework of place knowledge in geography, investigating historic local-global links in the local area, contributing to young people’s understanding of change in the global context, and understanding current poverty, trade, economic growth and migration in the context of the industrial revolution.
Using local collections in museums and archives to inspire global learning.
Support for teachers from the Historical Association.