Geography is a statutory subject in the National Curriculum for Wales for Key Stages 2 and 3 and part of the Foundation Phase area of learning 'Knowledge and Understanding of the World' (KUW).
Geography helps pupils to make sense of the world that they live in and to be better informed about the choices they face as global citizens. Geography provides the knowledge and skills needed to ask and answer pertinent global learning questions such as: Where is this place, and what is it like? How is it changing, and why? How is it connected to other places? Who gets what, where, when and why? What’s it got to do with me? and What do I and others think?
Geography is underpinned by knowledge about:
Geography builds knowledge and understanding by drawing together different sets of information so that pupils can understand for example, how climate, location, technology and food production are linked , or how globalisation impacts on people and culture as well as the environment and the economy.
Geography also helps pupils develop the understanding and skills to explain and critique terms such as 'developing countries'; such critical thinking also combats stereotypical views about countries, and ensures a focus on human progress, as well as the challenges of development.
Global learning is well supported by skills used in geography, which is underpinned by an enquiry and critical thinking approach. Pupils develop research, communication and interpretation skills to help them ask questions, gather data and evaluate diverse information, and can draw on subject specific techniques such as mapping to do this. They use fieldwork skills to investigate places at first – hand.
Geography supports the development of informed views and values about and towards people, places and environments. Through geography, pupils explore not just 'core' knowledge about the world but also encounter a range of information about people, places and cultures, helping to develop empathy, for example to better reflect on what is similar and different in others' lives. Avoiding the 'single story' helps to challenge stereotypical thinking and develops understanding of diversity.